A Scoping Review Protocol of Social Determinants of HIV/TB Coinfections in Sub-Saharan Africa

Lucas Banda, Olanrewaju Oladimeji*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) remain major public health issues in sub-Saharan Africa. The co-occurrence of these diseases is a growing concern in the region, and social determinants, the circumstances under which people are born, live, work, and age, are known to influence the risk of disease transmission, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes. Here, we present a protocol for the evidence synthesis on the social determinants of HIV/TB coinfections in sub-Saharan Africa. The high prevalence of Tuberculosis (TB) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in sub-Saharan Africa presents significant public health challenges. TB/HIV comorbidity is influenced by various social determinants, including social, economic, cultural, and environmental factors, impacting disease transmission risk, accurate diagnosis, and treatment outcomes. This study protocol aims to provide an evidence synthesis on the social determinants of HIV/TB coinfection in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods and analysis: The researchers will use the Arksey and O’Malley’s (2005) methodological framework to guide the scoping review. First, databases such as PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, and PsychInfo will be searched. The researchers will then proceed in two steps. Before finalising the study selection, two independent reviewers will examine the article titles and abstracts for eligibility and inclusion. The researchers will then conduct a full-text screening of the articles based on the selected titles and abstracts. The authors’ tool will be used to extract data, ensuring that the articles are properly screened and that the risk of bias is minimized. The chosen studies will be examined using a standardized tool to examine all bibliographic data and study characteristics. Ethics and dissemination: The review will provide an overview of the social determinants influencing the prevalence and outcomes of TB/HIV comorbidity in the region, as well as identify any research gaps. Policymakers, researchers, and healthcare professionals will benefit from the findings in developing targeted interventions to address the social determinants of TB/HIV comorbidity in sub-Saharan Africa.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
JournalMethods and Protocols
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • comorbidity
  • cooccurrence
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • risk factors
  • social determinants
  • sub-Saharan Africa
  • tuberculosis (TB)

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