An update on available pain medications

Elzbieta Osuch, Andre Marais*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Pain is a complex interaction of sensory, emotional and behavioural factors. Chronic pain is among the most common reasons for seeking medical attention. In contrast to acute pain, where the goal is primary pain relief, the effective management of chronic pain is complex and not fully understood. Multimodal pain therapy is often required to treat chronic or persistent pain syndromes. These include pharmacological agents, physical interventions, behavioural changes and surgical approaches. Pharmacological interventions are the most widely used therapeutic options to treat acute and persistent pain.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbera4877
Pages (from-to)14-20
Number of pages7
JournalSouth African Family Practice
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • COX-2 inhibitors
  • NSAIDs
  • anticonvulsants
  • antidepressants
  • opioids
  • pain
  • paracetamol


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