Antihypertensive potential of the stem bark of Canarium schweinfurthii Engl. (Burseraceae) in wistar rats: UPLC-ESI-QToF-MS/MS-based prediction of antihypertensive phytochemicals

Jean Emmanuel Mbosso Teinkela*, Edwige Laure Nguemfo, Thierry Fokou Nzodjou, Calvin Bogning Zangueu, Jarmo Charles Kalinski, Bienvenu Tsakem, Jules Clement Assob Nguedia, Xavier Siwe Noundou*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ethnopharmacological relevance: Canarium schweinfurthii, also called ‘’Elemierd'Afrique’’, is used in Cameroonian folk medicine (bark decoction) to treat patients suffering from hypertension. Aim of the study: This study aimed at evaluating the antihypertensive activities of the stem bark of Canarium schweinfurthii and identifying potential compounds present in its extract that may support or oppose its ethnomedicinial use. Materials and methods: Stem bark extract of Canarium schweinfurthii was prepared by maceration using 70 % ethanol followed by redissolution in methanol and hyphenated. Ultra-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) analysis for the detection and characterisation of secondary metabolites. Antihypertensive effects were assessed in Wistar rats after induction of hypertension with sodium chloride (NaCl) 18 % at a dose of 0.01mL/gbody weight once a day for four weeks.Hemodynamic parameters were measured weekly by anon-invasive method using the CODA system. Results: The ethanolic bark extract of C. schweinfurthii significantly inhibited the increase of blood pressure with a maximum of 23.18 % (systolic pressure, p < 0.0001), 24.77 % (diastolic pressure, p < 0.001) and 22.95 % (mean pressure, p < 0.0001) at a dose of 200 mg/kgbody weight at the 4th week, compared to agroup of Wistar rats that received only NaCl (negative control). Similarly, the extract significantly inhibited the increase in heart rate by 18.84 % (p < 0.001) at 200 mg/kgbody weight at week four. Hematological parameters did not differ significantly between the extract-treated and control groups. The UPLC-MS/MS spectrometric analysis provided evidence for the presence of several C30 terpenoids containing three or five oxygen atoms and exhibiting pentacyclic triterpenoid structures, as well as C29 terpenoids and related compounds containing nitrogen in addition to oxygen, using spectral matching, and in silico molecular formula and structure prediction. Additionally, two features were annotated with high-confidence as lignans, structurally closely related to hinokinin and dehydrocubebin through MS/MS-based in silico structure prediction using CSI: Finger ID in SIRIUS5. The lignans have been previously reported from stem bark of plants belonging to the Burseraceae family. Conclusion: The ethanolic stem bark extract of C. schweinfurthii demonstrated antihypertensive properties on the tested Wistar rats. These results support the ethnopharmacological use of C. schweinfurthii concoctions for the treatment of hypertension and suggest a protective effect against salt damage, hypothetically by the up regulation of antioxidative enzymes and/or lipids, mitigatings membrane peroxidation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere21841
JournalHeliyon
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Canarium schweinfurthii
  • Ethanolic extract
  • GNPS
  • SIRIUS5
  • Sodium chloride
  • UPLC-MS/MS
  • Wistar rats
  • antihypertensive activity

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