One hundred and thirteen rectal swabs and 87 faecal samples obtained from the Paediatric casualty of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria were processed for Campylobacter jejuni/coli. Twenty-two (11%) of the specimens were positive for C. jejuni. Biotyping results showed that nine (41%) and eight (36%) belonged to C. jejuni biotypes I and II respectively, while three (14%) and two (9%) belonged to C. coli biotypes I and II. Serotyping results revealed that C. jejuni biotypes I and II and C. coli biotypes I and II belonged to different serotypes with serotypes A9 and A36 being the most prevalent. In-vitro antibiotic sensitivity testing using the disc method showed that 18 (82%) of the Campylobacter jejuni/coli isolates were sensitive to erythromycin and nalidixic acid, while 16 (73%) were sensitive to streptomycin. All were resistant to penicillin, while four (18%) and six (27%) were sensitive to tetracycline and cloxacillin respectively. We therefore recommend the use of erythromycin and streptomycin for cases of Campylobacter enteritis requiring antimicrobial therapy in Lagos, Nigeria.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|