Characterization of the incorporated SiO2 co-doped with Sr2+ and Tb3+ phosphors into PLA polymer matrix

R. G. Moji*, S. V. Motloung, T. E. Motaung, L. F. Koao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

SiO2: 0.4% Sr2+, x% Tb3+ (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5) nanophosphor powders were prepared by sol-gel method. The powder samples were dispersed into the PLA polymer matrix through melt mixing method and compression molding to prepare the nanophosphor polymer composite. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns showed broad peaks with the position of the peaks shifting and more separating with an increase in Tb3+ concentration. The transmission electron microscope (TEM) images showed darker patches with the introduction of the nanophosphor, which indicates the incorporation of phosphor particles into PLA polymer. Differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) results revealed that the composites show an increase in the cold crystallization temperature (Tcc) and slight decrease in the glass transition temperature (Tg) as compared to the PLA. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) results showed that the thermal stability of the composites show an initial decrease with the incorporation of the fillers, but they become more thermally stable with higher Tb concentration in the fillers. Ultraviolet visible spectroscopy (UV–vis) results showed the decrease in transmittance for the composite compared to the PLA polymer. The photoluminescence (PL) results showed that the incorporation of the Sr2+doped SiO2 only affected the luminescence intensity, while co-doping with the incorporation of the Sr2+ and Tb3+ ions induced the emissions peaks at 487, 543, 582 and 621 nm, which could be attributed to the 5D47F3, 7F4, 7F5, and 7F6 transitions of Tb3+, respectively. The main aim of this study was to fabricate the light emitting polymer-based material.

Original languageEnglish
Article number133176
JournalJournal of Molecular Structure
Volume1263
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Melt mixing
  • PLA
  • Photoluminescence
  • SiO
  • Sr
  • Tb

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