Chirped localized pulses in a highly nonlinear optical fiber with quintic non-Kerr nonlinearities

Faissal Mansouri, Sassi Aouadi, Houria Triki, Yunzhou Sun*, Yakup Yıldırım, Anjan Biswas, Hashim M. Alshehri, Qin Zhou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We study the existence and propagation properties of chirped localized pulses in a highly nonlinear fiber medium exhibiting self-steepening, self-frequency shift, and quintic non-Kerr nonlinearities. Pulse evolution in such fiber system is governed by a higher-order nonlinear Schrödinger equation incorporating the derivative Kerr and non-Kerr nonlinear terms. We show that bright, dark and kink type solitary waves exist in the presence of all physical processes. A special ansatz is introduced to analyze the existence of solitary waves on a continuous-wave background in the optical fiber medium. It is shown that the obtained localized pulses exhibit a nonlinear chirp which has a quadratic dependence on light intensity. We also find that the magnitude of the associated frequency chirp can be controlled effectively by varying the parameters of self-steepening, self-frequency shift, and derivative non-Kerr nonlinearity effects. The restrictions on the optical fiber parameters are also extracted for the existence of these nonlinearly chirped solitary waves. Results in this study may be useful for experimental realization of shape-preserved pulses in optical fibers and further understanding of their optical transmission properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106040
JournalResults in Physics
Volume43
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chirped localized waves
  • Frequency chirp
  • Highly nonlinear optical fiber
  • Quintic non-Kerr nonlinearities

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