We study the existence and propagation properties of chirped localized pulses in a highly nonlinear fiber medium exhibiting self-steepening, self-frequency shift, and quintic non-Kerr nonlinearities. Pulse evolution in such fiber system is governed by a higher-order nonlinear Schrödinger equation incorporating the derivative Kerr and non-Kerr nonlinear terms. We show that bright, dark and kink type solitary waves exist in the presence of all physical processes. A special ansatz is introduced to analyze the existence of solitary waves on a continuous-wave background in the optical fiber medium. It is shown that the obtained localized pulses exhibit a nonlinear chirp which has a quadratic dependence on light intensity. We also find that the magnitude of the associated frequency chirp can be controlled effectively by varying the parameters of self-steepening, self-frequency shift, and derivative non-Kerr nonlinearity effects. The restrictions on the optical fiber parameters are also extracted for the existence of these nonlinearly chirped solitary waves. Results in this study may be useful for experimental realization of shape-preserved pulses in optical fibers and further understanding of their optical transmission properties.
- Chirped localized waves
- Frequency chirp
- Highly nonlinear optical fiber
- Quintic non-Kerr nonlinearities