The present paper investigates the conditions needed for the generation and propagation of cnoidal waves in the form of dark solitons under the influence of self-steepening effect and linear third-order dispersion. This kind of optical pulses could be obtained in single-mode waveguides due to the precise balance between higher orders of nonlinear and dispersive phenomena. As a basic equation, it is used the nonlinear amplitude equation (NAE). It is found a new analytical solution of this equation in the form of a cnoidal wave (Jacobi elliptic sine function). In the article it is presented that the solution can be reduced to dark soliton at specific values of the modulus of ellipticity κ.
- Cnoidal waves
- Dark solitons
- Linear third-order dispersion
- Self-steepening effect