Color tuning and white light emission from sol-gel SiO2 nanoparticles doped with Sr2+

R. G. Moji, R. E. Kroon, S. V. Motloung, T. E. Motaung, I. Ahemen, L. F. Koao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A series of silica (SiO2) nanoparticles doped with different concentrations of Sr2+ ions were successfully synthesized using the sol-gel method. The structural, morphological and optical properties of the phosphors were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) diffuse reflection and photoluminescence (PL) measurements. The XRD results showed that the amorphous SiO2 changed to crystalline orthorhombic Sr2SiO4 with the increase in Sr2+ concentration. The SEM micrographs show irregular agglomerated particles whose size decreased with an increase in the Sr2+ concentration. The EDS measurements confirmed the presence and uniform distribution of Si, O and Sr. TEM results confirmed that the prepared powders consisted of agglomerated crystallites. The UV–vis spectra analysis showed a red shift with an increase in the concentration of Sr2+. The PL results showed a change in the emission spectrum with the addition of the Sr2+ ions. The emission was attributed to the defects within the SiO2 backbone of O–Si–O network. The highest emission intensity was found for the sample doped with 0.4 mol% Sr2+, with apparent luminescence quenching at higher concentrations. The CIE coordinates indicated that the blue color from the host defects could be tuned by varying Sr2+ concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122409
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Volume242
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • CIE
  • Luminescence
  • SiO
  • Sol-gel
  • Sr-doped

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