Comparing the levels of trace metal from two fish species harvested from treated waste water in Pretoria, South Africa

J. O. Olowoyo, S. T.R. Mdakane, O. O. Okedeyi

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4 Citations (Scopus)


The persistent problem of water scarcity with the ever increasing demand of water has necessitated the reuse of effluent in agriculture. The present study evaluated the reuse of treated waste water and bioaccumulation properties of two fish species from amanmade lake. Trace metals content of two fish species: Clarias gariepinus and Cyprinus carpio and levels of trace metals from waste water in the lake where the fish species were harvested were determined by Inductive Couple Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP-OES). The trace metal values from fish samples ranged between 0.45-4.41 μg g-1 for Cu, 16.45-72.23 μg g-1 for Zn, 1.92-4.71 μg g-1 for Cr, 2.45-5.65 μg g-1 for Ni, 10.23-44.31 μg g-1 for Mn, 9.67-46.59 μg g-1 for Fe and 0.12-0.56 μg g-1 for Pb. The carp exhibited a significantly higher concentration for the trace metals for all the parts analyzed (p<0.01). The levels of trace metals concentration from Cyprinus carpio was in the order liver>gill>muscle>bone and metal accumulation was in the order Zn>Fe>Mn>Cr>Ni >Cu>Pb. The concentration of trace metals such as zinc, iron, chromium and nickel were higher than the recommended legal limits for human consumption. The result revealed that properly treated waste water could be used for the purpose of aquaculture. Clarias gariepinus bio accumulated more trace metals from the lake when compared with Cyprinus carpio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)688-692
Number of pages5
JournalPakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Bioaccumulations
  • Lake
  • Pollution
  • Trace metals
  • Waste water


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