Current and new rotavirus vaccines

Rachel M. Burke*, Jacqueline E. Tate, Carl D. Kirkwood, A. Duncan Steele, Umesh D. Parashar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of review: As of 2019, four rotavirus vaccines have been prequalified by the WHO for use worldwide. This review highlights current knowledge regarding rotavirus vaccines available, and provides a brief summary of the rotavirus vaccine pipeline. Recent findings: Data generated from use of currently available products supports their effectiveness and impact in diverse settings. Rotavirus vaccines have a favorable risk-benefit profile, but previous associations of rotavirus vaccination with intussusception necessitate continued monitoring for this rare but serious adverse event. Implementation of rotavirus vaccines was jeopardized in late 2018 and 2019 by a shortage of vaccine supply. Fortunately, with the prequalification of two additional vaccines in 2018, countries have increased choice in products with different characteristics, pricing, and implementation strategies. Other vaccines currently in development may open up further immunization strategies, such as neonatal vaccination schedules or parenteral administration. Summary: Rotavirus vaccines have demonstrated impact in reducing diarrheal morbidity and mortality worldwide. As countries begin to introduce the newly prequalified vaccines, additional data will become available on the safety and effectiveness of those products. Products in the pipeline have distinct profiles and could be an essential part of the expansion of rotavirus vaccine use worldwide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-444
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Opinion in Infectious Diseases
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • immunization
  • pediatric gastroenteritis
  • rotavirus
  • rotavirus vaccines

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