Determining the level of condom use and associated factors among married people in tshwane district of south africa

Lindiwe Priscilla Cele*, Setati Vuyani, Mmampedi Huma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Introduction: despite the wide availability of free male condoms in South Africa, high rates of new HIV transmissions are reported to occur among married couples. The aim of this study was to determine the level of condom use among the married people and to assess the factors associated with condom use in the Tshwane district of the Gauteng province. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted among 325 clients accessing health care services at the Steve Biko Academic Hospital. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data, which were entered onto an Excel spreadsheet and imported into Epi info version 7 for analysis. A logistic regression model was used to investigate the association between condom use and the explanatory variables. The odds ratio was used to measure the strength of the associations. The 95% CI and a cut-off point of 0.05 for the pvalue were used to indicate statistical significance. Results: the mean age of the participants was 41.6 years (SD=7.7). Two hundred and seventy-six (276; 85%) of the 325 participants reported not using condoms. Trust, doing regular HIV testing, and refusal by the husband were among the reasons given for not using condoms. In this study it was found that, the level of education, age and employment status were the determinants of condom use. Conclusion: the level of condom use was low and sero-discordance was found to be the primary motivator for condom use. This study recommends the strengthening of and the widespread implementation of the CVCT service.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11
JournalPan African Medical Journal
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2021


  • Condom use
  • HIV transmission rate
  • Married people
  • Sero-discordance
  • Trust


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