Cryptococcosis is an opportunistic infection with high mortality if not diagnosed and treated in time. The objective of this study was to review the clinicopathological information of decendents with final autopsy diagnosis of disseminated cryptococcal infection. This study collected data from 4 decendents who presented to an academic hospital/laboratory between 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2018. Their clinical, radiological and pathological findings including treatment were reviewed. Two decendents presented with respiratory symptoms whilst the other 2 presented with meningeal symptoms. Three were confirmed HIV positive. One decendent was on ART, one had defaulted treatment and one was ART naïve. Two decendents were diagnosed with cryptococcal meningitis, one with bacterial pneumonia and one with pulmonary tuberculosis. Three decendents died in emergency unit and one in the ward whilst on antifungal therapy. The autopsy findings confirmed disseminated cryptococcal infection in all cases. A high index of suspicion should be maintained in the right clinical context. Multi-organ involvement should be suspected in all patients and be actively sought out.
- acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
- human immunodeficiency virus