EFFECT OF H2SO4/HCLO4 MIXTURE ON PROPERTIES OF SUGARCANE BAGASSE CELLULOSE CRYSTALS

Nduduzo Khumalo, Samson Mohomane, Setumo V. Motloung, Lehlohonolo Koao, Malevu D. Thembinkosi, Tshwafo E. Motaung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The main objective of the study was to investigate the effect of mixed acid concentration on the morphology, crystallinity and thermal properties of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs). Acid hydrolysis using mixture of sulphuric (H2SO4) acid and perchloric (HClO4) acid was used to extract CNCs from sugarcane bagasse (SCB). The properties of the raw SCB, extracted cellulose, 45% H2SO4 hydrolysed CNCs, 45% H2SO4/HClO4 hydrolysed CNCs, 55% H2SO4/HClO4 hydrolysed CNCs and 65% H2SO4/HClO4 hydrolysed CNCs were analysed using Fourier transmission infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The crystallinity of SCB was significantly increased after bleaching and acid hydrolysis. Acid hydrolysis using 55% H2SO4/HClO4 showed the highest crystallinity. The TGA results showed significant increase in thermal stability of 55% H2SO4/HClO4. The lowest thermal stability was observed with 45% H2SO4 hydrolysed CNCs. The order of thermal stability was raw SCB < extracted cellulose < 45% H2SO4 hydrolysed CNCs < 65% H2SO4/HClO4 hydrolysed CNCs < 45% H2SO4/HClO4 hydrolysed CNCs < 55% H2SO4/HClO4 hydrolysed CNCs. The SEM results showed fibre breakage for 65% H2SO4/HClO4 hydrolysed CNCs. The fibre breakage seemed to be acid concentration dependent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)929-940
Number of pages12
JournalWood Research
Volume67
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Sugarcane bagasse
  • cellulose
  • nanocrystals
  • perchloric acid
  • sulphuric acid

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