Effect of perindopril on pulse-wave velocity and endothelin-1 in black hypertensive patients

Elzbieta Osuch*, Willem J. Du Plooy, Sandra H. Du Plooy, Linde H. Böhmer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: We investigated the effect of perindopril on pulse-wave velocity (as indicator of arterial elasticity) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels in black hypertensive patients. Methods: Forty-four newly diagnosed hypertensive patients who received 4 mg perindopril daily were monitored for nine months. Pulse-wave velocity (PWV) was measured non-invasively along the carotid-femoral arterial segment (high elastic content) and the brachial-ulnar segment (low elastic content). Results: There was a significant increase in arterial elasticity, as indicated by a slower PWV in the carotid-femoral segment of the treatment group, from 11.6 to 7.5 m/s after nine months. The PWV of the treatment group (7.5 m/s) after nine months was lower than that of the healthy volunteer group (8.2 m/s) but it was not statistically significant. No correlation between ET-1 and PWV could be found. Conclusion: In addition to its blood pressure-lowering effect, our study confirmed the improvement in arterial elasticity in patients on perindopril therapy, without involvement of ET-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-399
Number of pages4
JournalCardiovascular Journal of Africa
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Arterial elasticity
  • Endothelin-1
  • Hypertension
  • Perindopril
  • Pulse-wave velocity


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