Effects of varying Sm3+ concentration on the structure, morphology and photoluminescence properties of the BaAl2O4 /CaAl2O4/Ca4Al6O13/Ca3Al2O6:x% Sm3+ (0 ≤ x ≤ 1.9) mixed phases using citrate sol-gel method

A. Bele*, M. R. Mhlongo, L. F. Koao, T. E. Motaung, T. D. Malevu, T. T. Hlatshwayo, S. Mpelane, M. Mlambo, S. V. Motloung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BaAl2O4/CaAl2O4/Ca4Al6O13/Ca3Al2O6:x% Sm3+ (0 ≤ x ≤ 1.9) (hereafter called BCCC:x% Sm3+) nanophosphors were successfully prepared by citrate sol-gel method. The structure, morphology and photoluminescence properties of the prepared nanophosphors were investigated. X-ray diffraction (XRD) indicated that the nanophosphors composed of the mixed phases of the hexagonal (CaAl2O4, BaAl2O4) and cubic (Ca4Al6O13, Ca3Al2O6) crystal structures. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed that doping influences the morphology of the prepared nanophosphor. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) confirmed that the prepared phosphor particles are in the nanoscale range. Photoluminescence (PL) results showed emission peaks originating from the intrinsic defects within the BaAl2O4, CaAl2O4 and Sm3+ transitions. The optimum luminescence intensity was found at 0.7% Sm3+. Commission Internationale de l'éclairage (CIE) shows that the Sm3+ doped samples emitted the orange colour.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12573
JournalHeliyon
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Citrate sol-gel
  • Luminescence
  • Mixed phases
  • Sm

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