Enablers and barriers of adherence to home exercise programmes after stroke: Caregiver perceptions

Maryke Scorrano, Veronica Ntsiea*, Douglas Maleka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: In stroke rehabilitation, the goal is to discharge patients at their optimal functional level, however, this level of independence is not always reached at discharge due to decreased length of stay and a high demand for beds. Thus, patients rely upon caregivers to assist them not only with activities of daily living but also with home exercise programmes. The purpose of this study was to establish caregivers’ perceived enablers and barriers of adherence to home exercise programmes in stroke survivors. Methods: A qualitative study design was used with in-depth interviews of the caregivers of stroke survivors who were dependent in functional activities. Findings: The average age of the caregivers was 47.8 years (±13.96) years and all of them were the stroke survivors’ family members. The most common enablers of adherence to home exercise programmes were self –motivation, external motivation from friends and family, having a daily routine, spirituality, caregivers’ attitude and desires, and caregiver knowledge. The most common barriers of adherence to home exercise programmes were general health issues, caregiver having other responsibilities, lack of family and social support, caregiver burden and stress, low self-efficacy and mood, and fear of falling. Conclusions: Adherence to home exercise programmes is multifactorial and does not only relate to the stroke survivor alone. Caregivers have a lot of responsibilities and experience emotional strain and burden. This has an influence on stroke survivors’ adherence to home exercise programmes as they rely upon caregivers for assistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-364
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Barriers
  • Facilitators
  • Home exercise programmes
  • Stroke

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Enablers and barriers of adherence to home exercise programmes after stroke: Caregiver perceptions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this