Evaluation of antihypertensive adherence and its determinants at primary healthcare facilities in rural South Africa

Enos M. Rampamba, Johanna C. Meyer, Brian Godman*, Amanj Kurdi, Elvera Helberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate adherence to antihypertensive treatment in rural South Africa and identify potential determinants given concerns with adherence and its impact in this priority disease area. Patients & methods: Face-to-face interviews with hypertensive patients and rating their adherence to treatment using defined categorized responses. Associations between adherence and patient characteristics assessed and sensitivity analyses performed. Results: 54.6% of patients were adherent to treatment. Controlled blood pressure (BP; odds ratios [OR] = 2.1; 95% CI: 1.1, 3.8; p = 0.019), comorbidity (OR = 2.0; 95% CI: 1.1, 3.6; p = 0.032) and smoking (OR = 0.3; 95% CI: 0.1, 0.8; p = 0.018) were associated with adherence. Conclusion: Adherence and BP control were suboptimal, only smoking was an independent risk factor for adherence. Adherent patients were twice as likely to have controlled BP, although results were sensitive to the definition of adherence. Initiatives are in place to improve adherence, which will be monitored.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)661-672
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
Volume7
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018

Keywords

  • South Africa
  • adherence
  • hypertensive patients

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