EVALUATION OF FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY STATUS OF NIGERIA PRESCHOOL CHILDREN TOWARDS ACHIEVING THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS 1,2,3 - A REVIEW

B. A. Omachi*, A. van Onselen, U. Kolanisi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Child nutrition is essential to any country's food and nutrition security status. It goes beyond food security to encompass all the components of child well-being and cognitive development. It includes infant and young child feeding practices, care practices, and hygiene. Africa accounts for the highest prevalence of child malnutrition and mortality worldwide. The complexity and interconnectedness of the components of child nutrition in developing countries are yet to be well conceptualized. Due to a high poverty rate, economic shock, and conflicts in many sub-Sahara countries like Nigeria. Nigeria, the most populated country in this region, records a high prevalence of child malnutrition, morbidity, and mortality. High poverty, poor policies, poor dietary intake, and care practices among households have become a significant concern and a public health issue, especially as the country navigates toward achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2030 and the Africa agenda 2063. This review brings home the contributions of the multidimensional drivers of child nutrition to Nigerian children's overall health outcomes and food security status. In addition, it proffers possible solutions to these challenges to ensure the attainment of both the SDGs and Africa agenda indicators that address hunger, poverty, and the overall well-being of children. The study also emphasizes the importance of optimal nutrition to ensure that children reach their full potential, reduce the risk of childhood illness and chronic diseases in adulthood, and ultimately contribute significantly to the nation's labour force, productivity, and gross domestic product (GDP). Therefore, the study explores available online resources, peer-reviewed articles, books, and relevant reports from official websites that identify the drivers of children’s food and nutrition security status from Nigeria's perspective. Overall, in Nigeria, most preschool children do not consume sufficiently safe and nutritious diets for optimal growth and development; hence, they are just surviving but not thriving.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21952-21971
Number of pages20
JournalAfrican Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development
Volume22
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Childhood
  • Children
  • Components
  • Nigeria
  • Nutrition
  • Pandemic
  • Preschool
  • Sdgs

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