First Introduction of Two Australian Temnocephalan Species into Africa with an Alien Host: Double Trouble

Sareh Tavakol*, Wilmien J. Luus-Powell, Willem J. Smit, Chantélle Baker, Andre Hoffman, Ali Halajian

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The redclaw crayfish, Cherax quadricarinatus (Decapoda: Parastacidae), is native to Australia but has been introduced to South Africa as a warm-water aquaculture species. In a South African natural waterbody, examined crayfish had high-intensity infections of 3 temnocephalan species on their body surfaces and within the branchial chambers. Temnocephalans were characterized using light and scanning electron microscopy and identified as Craspedella pedum, Diceratocephala boschmai, and Didymorchis sp. This is the first report of the introduction of Australian temnocephalans, C. pedum and Didymorchis sp., to Africa and expands the known distribution of these species beyond their presumptive native range. The present study also documents a naturalized population of C. quadricarinatus from a natural water body in South Africa, comprising a new geographical locality record.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-658
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Parasitology
Volume102
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

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