Genetic characterisation of South African and mozambican bovine rotaviruses reveals a typical bovine-like artiodactyl constellation derived through multiple reassortment events

Amy Strydom, Celeste M. Donato, Martin M. Nyaga, Simone S. Boene, Ina Peenze, Milton T. Mogotsi, Eva D. João, Benilde Munlela, A. Christiaan Potgieter, Mapaseka L. Seheri, Nilsa de Deus, Hester G. O’Neill*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study presents whole genomes of seven bovine rotavirus strains from South Africa and Mozambique. Double-stranded RNA, extracted from stool samples without prior adaptation to cell culture, was used to synthesise cDNA using a self-annealing anchor primer ligated to dsRNA and random hexamers. The cDNA was subsequently sequenced using an Illumina MiSeq platform without prior genome amplification. All strains exhibited bovine-like artiodactyl genome constellations (G10/G6-P[11]/P[5]-I2-R2-C2-M2-A3/A11/A13-N2-T6-E2-H3). Phylogenetic analysis revealed relatively homogenous strains, which were mostly related to other South African animal strains or to each other. It appears that these study strains represent a specific bovine rotavirus population endemic to Southern Africa that was derived through multiple reassortment events. While one Mozambican strain, MPT307, was similar to the South African strains, the second strain, MPT93, was divergent from the other study strains, exhibiting evidence of interspecies transmission of the VP1 and NSP2 genes. The data presented in this study not only contribute to the knowledge of circulating African bovine rotavirus strains, but also emphasise the need for expanded surveillance of animal rotaviruses in African countries in order to improve our understanding of rotavirus strain diversity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1308
JournalPathogens
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • A13 genotype
  • Artiodactyl genome constellations
  • Bovine rotavirus
  • Interspecies transmission
  • South Africa and Mozambique
  • Transboundary transmission

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