Green synthesis and characterization of monodispersed silver nanoparticles using root bark aqueous extract of annona muricata linn and their antimicrobial activity

K. M. Ezealisiji*, X. S. Noundou, S. E. Ukwueze

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent time, various phytosynthetic methods have been employed for the fabrication of silver nanoparticles; these unique metal nanoparticles are used in several applications which include pharmaceuticals and material engineering. The current research reports a rapid and simple synthetic partway for silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using root bark aqueous extract of Annona muricata and the evaluation of its antimicrobial efficacy against pathogenic microorganisms. The root bark extract was treated with aqueous silver nitrate solution. Silver ions were reduced to silver atoms which on aggregation gave Silver nanoparticles; the biosynthesized AgNPs were characteristically spherical, discreet and stabilized by phytochemical entities and were characterized using ultraviolet visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscope (TEM) and photon correlation microscopy. The aqueous plant extract-AgNPs suspension was subjected to Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. TEM result for the average particle size is 22 ± 2 nm. The polydispersity index and zeta-po-tential were found to be 0.44 ± 0.02 and-27.90 ± 0.01 mV, respectively (Zeta-Sizer). The antimicrobial evaluation result showed that the synthesized silver nanoparticles at different concentration were very active against the Gram-positive bacteria (B. subtilis, S. aureous) and Gram-negative bacteria (K. Pneumonia, E. Coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa), P. aeruginosa being most susceptible to the anti microbial effect of the silver nanoparticles. Stable silver nanoparticles with antimicrobial activity were obtained through biosynthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)905-911
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Nanoscience (Switzerland)
Volume7
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial
  • Characterization
  • Photon correlation microscopy
  • Silver nanoparticle

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