Influence of rare-earth elements (RE = Ce, Nd, Gd) on structural, ESR and Mössbauer spectroscopy studies of Ni0.5Co0.5RE0.03Fe1.97O4 synthesized by glycol-thermal method

T. A. Nhlapo*, S. T. Dlamini, T. P. Mokoena, T. C. Mokhena, T. S. Mahule, T. D. Malevu, T. Moyo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanocrystalline Ni0.5Co0.5RE0.03Fe1.97O4 (RE = Ce, Nd, Gd) were synthesized by glycol-thermal method. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) results confirm the formation of single-phase spinel ferrite. The crystallite sizes ranged from 6.29 nm to 9.41 nm which was comparable to results obtained using Williamson-Hall (W–H) method. Lattice parameters were found to vary from 8.356 Å to 8.370 Å depending on an ionic radii of a substituted rare-earth elements. Large specific surface areas ranging between 120 m2/g and 160 m2/g were associated with smaller crystallite sizes. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) revealed homogeneous and clustered nanoparticles. The energy dispersive X-ray (EDS) spectra revealed the existence of nickel (Ni), cobalt (Co), iron (Fe), and oxygen (O) in an undoped sample. The additional characteristic peaks of cerium (Ce), neodymium (Nd) and gadolinium (Gd) were observed for doped samples. The electron spin resonance (ESR) results demonstrated g-values ranging between 3.10 and 3.79 which indicated strong exchange interaction between nanoparticles, type of morphology, and crystalline nature of particles. These high g-values make Ni0.5Co0.5RE0.03Fe1.97O4 (RE = Ce, Nd, Gd) materials suitable for applications in high-frequency devices. The Mössbauer spectroscopy results revealed the formation of broadened Zeeman lines and quadrupole-split lines as well as the presence of the Fe3+ ions at B sites in the samples.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124479
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume330
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Electron spin resonance
  • Glycol-thermal
  • Mössbauer spectroscopy
  • Rare-earth doped ferrites
  • Structural analysis

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