Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of chronic disease patients in Bojanala towards COVID-19

Beya Mpinda*, Cila Dominique Kabogo, Jean Louis Mata Yoko, John Tumbo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: COVID-19 is an acute respiratory disease. Its morbidity and mortality in patients with comorbidities have been established. This study evaluated the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding COVID-19 of patients with comorbidities attending primary health care services. Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted, with data collected from patients using a self-administered questionnaire. Knowledge, attitude and practice scores were calculated. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were used, and the level of significance was set at 5%. Results: This study enrolled 469 participants aged 18–84 years, and the majority were women. The mean knowledge score was 7.09 ± 1.73 out of 9, the mean attitude score was 2.33 ± 0.86 out of 3, and the mean practices score was 3.79 ± 0.56 out of 4. There was a positive linear relationship between knowledge and attitude scores and between attitude and practices scores; as one score increased, the other also increased significantly. Conclusion: The level of knowledge was good in general, with optimistic attitudes and good practices by the patients. Those aged 70 years and above need special attention because older persons have poorer knowledge of and practices towards COVID-19, which could lead to higher hospitalisation and mortality rates. Contribution: This study found that patients with chronic diseases had good COVID-19 knowledge, attitudes and practices, while interventions targeting patients aged 70 years and above are needed to improve their COVID-19 awareness and practices.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbera5763
JournalSouth African Family Practice
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • COVID-19
  • attitude
  • chronic diseases
  • knowledge
  • practices
  • primary health care


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