Low fecal rotavirus vaccine virus shedding is significantly associated with non-secretor histo-blood group antigen phenotype among infants in northern Pretoria, South Africa

Cliff A. Magwira*, Lerato P. Kgosana, Mathew D. Esona, Mapaseka L. Seheri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Histo-blood group antigens are recognized by rotaviruses in a P- genotype dependent manner and their frequency in a population can influence fecal virus shedding. This study investigated the rate of fecal shedding of Rotarix vaccine and its association with HBGA phenotype distribution in South Africa. Stool and saliva specimens were collected from 150 infants attending immunization on the day of both first and second doses and 7 days later. Virus shedding was detected by real-time qPCR while HBGA phenotypes in saliva were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Vaccine virus shedding was higher (23.6%) after the first dose than the second dose (4.7%). About 77% of virus-shedding infants were secretors (OR = 129; 95% CI, 6.088 – 2733), compared with none of non-virus shedding infants. Non-secretor status was significantly associated with low vaccine virus shedding while the likelihood of shedding was significantly higher in secretors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8260-8263
Number of pages4
JournalVaccine
Volume38
Issue number52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Fecal shedding
  • HBGA
  • Rotarix vaccine
  • Rotavirus
  • South Africa

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