Nano-crystalline Zn-, Co-, and Ni-substituted Mn-Mg ferrites were prepared by hydrothermal process and annealed at 1100 °C. Annealing conditions are critical on the crystalline phase. TEM and XRD data reveal particle sizes between 8 nm and 15 nm for the as-prepared fine powders, which increase to about 73 nm after sintering at 1100 °C. Mӧssbauer spectra show well resolved magnetic splitting in bulk samples. The as-prepared fine powders show weak hyperfine splitting and broad central doublets associated with fine particles. Magnetization data reveal a high coercive field at about 300 K of about 945 Oe in the Co-based nanosized oxide, which reduces to about 360 Oe after thermal annealing at 1100 °C. The magnetization curves of Zn- and Ni-based samples show much lower coercive fields indicative of superparamagnetic nanoparticles. The crystallite size and chemical composition have significant effects on the properties of Mn0.1Mg0.2(Zn,Co,Ni)0.7Fe2O4 investigated.
- Ferrites nanoparticle
- Mössbauer spectroscopy