Maternal socio-demographic characteristics and associated complementary feeding practices of children aged 6–18 months with moderate acute malnutrition in Arua, Uganda

R. B. Kajjura*, Frederick Johannes Veldman, S. M. Kassier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2019 The British Dietetic Association Ltd. Background: There is a paucity of published data regarding maternal socio-demographic characteristics and associated complementary feeding practices of moderately malnourished infants and young children (IYC) in sub-Saharan Africa. In the present study, this association was investigated in Arua, Uganda. Methods: A cross-sectional baseline survey was conducted among 204 conveniently sampled mothers of IYC aged 6–18 months with moderate acute malnutrition earmarked for dietary supplementation in four randomly selected sub-counties to determine their socio-demographic characteristics using a validated questionnaire. A 24-h recall was used to evaluate complementary feeding practices in terms of minimum dietary diversity (MDD), minimum meal frequency (MMF) and minimum acceptable diet (MAD). Associations were determined using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: The majority (70.1%) of mothers had a primary school education, with 15% having no formal education. Foods especially purchased or prepared for IYC were provided by 42.6% of the mothers. The MDD and MMF of IYC were 13.2% and 41.2%, respectively. MMF and MDD for MAD were met by 6.9% of IYC. Maternal level of education and MMF was significantly associated (P = 0.003), whereas the provision of foods especially purchased or prepared for IYC was significantly associated with MMF (P = 0.003). Maternal care was significantly associated with MAD (P = 0.004). Conclusions: Optimal complementary feeding practices were not met by the majority of mothers. Maternal level of education and care of IYC were strong predictors of MMF. Nutrition education and care should be promoted among mothers of IYC with moderate acute malnutrition to improve MDD, MMF and MAD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-310
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • complementary feeding practices
  • maternal care
  • maternal education
  • moderate acute malnutrition

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