Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components among Taxi Drivers in the City of Tshwane, South Africa

Eaglet Moditsa Mabetwa, Kebogile Elizabeth Mokwena, Peter Modupi Mphekgwana, Perpetua Modjadji*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The occupation of taxi driving predisposes drivers to health risks, including obesity, cardiovascular and metabolic disorders. Although individual components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) are documented, data is scarce on concurrent metabolic disturbances among commercial drivers. The prevalence of MetS and its components were determined in a cross‐sectional study among taxi drivers (n = 362) in the City of Tshwane, South Africa. Sociodemographic, occupational, and lifestyle factors were assessed using a structured questionnaire. Anthropometry, blood pres-sure, and glucose were measured. MetS was defined based on BMI strata, hypertension, and glucose levels. Data was analyzed using SPSS. The mean age of taxi drivers was 42 ± 10.9 years. Overall prevalence of MetS was 17.1%, with higher prevalence observed among older taxi drivers (24.2%) and those with longer experience in the industry (22.9%). Individual components of MetS were obesity (36%), hypertension (36%) and diabetes (46%), while smoking (30%), alcohol use (59%), and physical inactivity (71%) were observed. MetS was associated with duration in the taxi industry, and family history of diabetes among taxi drivers. The presence of MetS and its components among taxi drivers calls for early identification of cardiometabolic risks in the taxi industry and efforts towards achieving a healthier workforce.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1767
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Obesity
  • South Africa
  • Taxi drivers

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