Background: Gastroenteritis is a public health concern due to high morbidity and mortality among children. Rotaviruses are the leading etiological agents of severe gastroenteritis in children and accounts for more than half a million deaths per year in Africa. The study aimed at investigating the rotavirus genotypes that were circulating in children aged 5 years and below in and around Mukuru slums in Nairobi County Kenya. Methods: A purposive cross sectional sampling method was applied where 166 samples were collected from children below 5 years of age and taken to Kenya Medical Research Institute virology laboratory. Presence of rotaviruses was determined using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, while extraction was done using ZR Soil/Fecal RNA MicroPrep™ extraction kit. This was followed by reverse transcription and genotyping using various group A rotavirus primers. Results: The G type was successfully determined in 37 (92.5%), while the P type was successfully determined in 35 (87.5%) of the 40 (24%) page positive samples. Type G1 was the most predominant of the G types (40.5%), and the incidences of G3 and G9 were 21.6 and 32.4% respectively. Mixed types G3/G9 were detected at 5.4%. Three P types existed in Mukuru slums, P (60%), P (22.9%), P (11.4) and their relative incidence varied over the 15 months of this study. Conclusions: The G types and P types detected in this study are important causes of acute gastroenteritis in Mukuru slums Nairobi Kenya. An indication that the prevalence of certain genotypes may change over a rotavirus season is significant and mirrors observations from studies in other tropical climates. Thus monitoring of the genotypic changes among circulating viruses should be encouraged over the coming years.
- Viral protein 4
- Viral protein 7