The study tested the hypothesis that harboring high levels of histo-blood group antigen-expressing Enerobactero cloacae is a risk factor for norovirus diarrhea. The fecal E. cloacae abundance in diarrheic norovirus positive (DNP), non-diarrheic norovirus negative (NDNN), diarrhea norovirus negative (DNN), and non-diarrhea norovirus positive (NDNP) infants was determined by qPCR, and the risk of norovirus diarrhea was assessed by logistical regression. DNP infants contained significantly higher counts of E. cloacae than NDNN and DNN infants, p = .0294, and 0.0001, respectively. The risk of norovirus diarrhea was significantly high in infants with higher counts of E. cloacae than those with lower counts, p = .009. Harboring higher counts of E. cloacae is a risk factor for norovirus diarrhea.
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
- E. cloacae
- histo-blood group antigens
- norovirus infection