Numerical investigation of heat and mass transfer in three-dimensional MHD nanoliquid flow with inclined magnetization

Ahmed M. Galal, Fahad M. Alharbi, Mubashar Arshad*, Mohammad Mahtab Alam, Thabet Abdeljawad*, Qasem M. Al-Mdallal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Heat and mass transfer rate by using nanofluids is a fundamental aspect of numerous industrial processes. Its importance extends to energy efficiency, product quality, safety, and environmental responsibility, making it a key consideration for industries seeking to improve their operations, reduce costs, and meet regulatory requirements. So, the principal objective of this research is to analyze the heat and mass transfer rate for three-dimensional magneto hydrodynamic nanoliquid movement with thermal radiation and chemical reaction over the dual stretchable surface in the existence of an inclined magnetization, and viscous dissipation. The flow is rotating with constant angular speed ω about the axis of rotation because such flows occur in the chemical processing industry and the governing equations of motion, energy, and concentration are changed to ODEs by transformation. The complex and highly nonlinear nature of these equations makes them impractical to solve analytically so tackled numerically at MATLAB. The obtained numerical results are validated with literature and presented through graphs and tables. Increasing the Eckert number from 5 ≤ Ec≤ 10 , a higher Nusselt and Sherwood number was noted for the hybrid nanofluid. By changing the angle of inclination α , the Nux performance is noted at 8% for nanofluid and 33% for hybrid nanofluid. At the same time, Shx performance of 0.5% and 2.0% are observed respectively. Additionally, as the angle of inclination increases the skin friction decreases and the chemical reaction rate increases the mass transmission rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1207
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024
Externally publishedYes


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