Numerical simulation of variable density and magnetohydrodynamics effects on heat generating and dissipating Williamson Sakiadis flow in a porous space: Impact of solar radiation and Joule heating

Amir Abbas*, Aziz Khan, Thabet Abdeljawad*, Muhammad Aslam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study is confined to the numerical evaluation of variable density and magnetohydrodynamics influence on Williamson Sakiadis flow in a porous space. In this study, Joule heating, dissipation, heat generation effect on optically dense gray fluid is encountered. The inclined moving surface as flow geometry is considered to induce the fluid flow. A proposed phenomenon is given a mathematical structure in partial differential equations form. These partial differential equations are then made dimensionless using dimensionless variables. The obtained dimensionless model in partial differential equations is then changed to ordinary differential equations via stream function formulation. A set of transformed equations has been solved with bvp4c solver. The numerical fallout of velocity field, temperature field, skin friction, and heat transfer rate are illustrated in graphs and tables with flow parametric variations. Conclusion is drawn that mounting values of density variation parameter confirm the reduction in velocity field and augmentation in temperature of the fluid. When Williamson fluid parameter enhances, both fluid velocity and temperature are rising correspondingly. Growing magnitudes of the magnetic number, radiation parameter, heat generation, and Eckert number rise the temperature of the fluid. A rise in a porous medium parameter weakens the fluid velocity. Skin friction is reducing as radiation parameter and density variation parameter are increased. The present solutions are compared to those that have already been published in order to validate the current model. The comparison leads to the conclusion that the two outcomes are in excellent agreement, endorsing the veracity of the current answers.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere21726
JournalHeliyon
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Heat generation
  • Inclined plate
  • Joule heating
  • Magnetohydrodynamics
  • Porous space
  • Sakiadis flow
  • Thermal radiation
  • Variable density
  • Viscous dissipation
  • Williamson fluid

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