Overview on Different Types of Solar Cells: An Update

Ho Soonmin*, Hardani, Pronoy Nandi, Benard Samwel Mwankemwa, Thembinkosi Donald Malevu, Muhammad Imran Malik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Solar energy is free from noise and environmental pollution. It could be used to replace non-renewable sources such as fossil fuels, which are in limited supply and have negative environmental impacts. The first generation of solar cells was made from crystalline silicon. They were relatively efficient, however very expensive because they require a lot of energy to purify the silicon. Nowadays, the production of solar cells has been improved since the first generation (thin-film solar cells, dye-sensitized solar cells, perovskite solar cells, and organic solar cells). In this work, the development of solar cells was discussed. The advantages, limitations, challenges, and future trends of these solar cells were also reported. Lastly, this article emphasized the various practices to promote solar energy and highlighted the power conversion efficiency of the fabricated devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2051
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • crystalline silicon
  • dye-sensitized solar cells
  • organic solar cells
  • perovskite solar cell
  • power conversion efficiency
  • renewable energy
  • solar energy
  • thin films


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