Prevalence and Risk Factors for Anxiety Symptoms among Student Nurses in Gauteng Province of South Africa

Maleke Manana, Sam Thembelihle Ntuli*, Kebogile Mokwena, Kgomotso Maaga

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Globally, mental disorders are common among nursing students; therefore, effective prevention and early detection are urgently needed. However, the prevalence rate of anxiety symptoms has not been investigated in South African nursing colleges. Aim: The study aimed to assess the prevalence of anxiety symptoms and their sociodemographic risk factors among nursing students in Gauteng province, South Africa. Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at Chris Hani Baragwanath and SG Lourens nursing colleges in the first week of June 2022. A purposeful sampling technique selected the third- and fourth-year nursing students aged ≥ 18 years registered at the two nursing colleges. The seven-item Generalised Anxiety Disorder scale was used to assess anxiety symptoms. Results: The prevalence of anxiety symptoms was 74.7% (95% confidence interval: 69.9–78.9). Being a student at nursing college B, being in the fourth academic year of study and use of substances were identified as predictors of anxiety symptoms in these nursing students. Conclusions: The prevalence of anxiety symptoms in this study is relatively high, with predictors of developing anxiety being a student at nursing college B, in the fourth academic year and current use of psychoactive substances were predictors of anxiety symptoms. These findings highlight the need to develop interventions and strategies to promote mental health assessments and management to prevent and reduce the problem of mental disorders among nursing students.

Original languageEnglish
Article number630
JournalBehavioral Sciences
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Gauteng province
  • South Africa
  • anxiety
  • nursing students

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