OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in pregnancy in our community. METHOD: A prospective study on 250 pregnant women currently attending the antenatal clinic at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital was carried out in 1991. RESULT: Results obtained showed that of the 250 pregnant women screened only two (0.8%) were seropositive for HIV. This indicates the risk of vertical or materno-fetal HIV transmission in our community and underscores the need for urgency for prospective monitoring of infants born to HIV sero-positive women. CONCLUSION: Although the prevalence rate of HIV seropositivity amongst the otherwise healthy Nigerian pregnant women is only 0.8%, we advocate universal screening of HIV during pregnancy.
|Number of pages
|International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
|Published - Feb 1993
- Human immunodeficiency virus
- Vertical transmission