Primary prevention of coronary artery disease

M. Vally*, M. O.E. Irhuma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


There were an estimated one million deaths from cardiovascular disease in sub-Saharan Africa in 2013. The deaths can in some part be prevented through the control of risk factors for coronary artery disease. The major modifiable risk factors in adults include: smoking, obesity, unhealthy diet, dyslipidaemia, hypertension and diabetes. This article aims to discuss the primary prevention of coronary artery disease through examining the evidence regarding the control of these modifiable risk factors. It also briefly explains a pragmatic approach to the use of aspirin as primary prevention for coronary artery disease which takes into account both the risks and benefits associated with aspirin use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-37
Number of pages6
JournalSouth African Family Practice
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Aspirin therapy
  • Cardiovascular risk factors
  • Dyslipidaemia
  • Primary prevention


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