Psychological functioning among vertically infected HIV-positive children and their primary caregivers

Antonio George Lentoor*, Kwaku Oppong Asante, Kaymarlin Govender, Inge Petersen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


© 2016 Informa UK Limited. The current study sought to explore the association between primary caregiver depressive symptoms and the psychological functioning in children vertically infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) living in Eastern Cape, South Africa. A cross-sectional data were collected using the Beck Depression Inventory and Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire in a sample of 152 caregiver/child dyads. The results revealed that poorer psychological functioning in children was significantly associated with depressive symptoms in caregivers. This relationship existed whether or not the child was raised by a biological or non-biological caregiver as well as for both genders. Younger children's psychological functioning was more negatively influenced than that of older children raised by a caregiver with depressive symptoms. In the context of a large treatment gap for common mental disorders in South Africa, there is a need for interventions to address maternal mental health in families infected and affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic as a mental health promotion strategy given that HIV-infected children are a particularly vulnerable population for poor mental and behavioural health outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)771-777
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • HIV-positive children
  • Psychological functioning
  • maternal HIV/AIDS
  • primary caregivers


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