This study recovers quiescent optical solitons within a complex concatenation model featuring nonlinear chromatic dispersion and differential group delay. It employs the sine-Gordon equation approach and the projective Riccati equation scheme. The results include the successful recovery of soliton solutions and the identification of parameter restrictions for their existence. The novelty lies in the application of these methods to this specific problem, offering valuable insights for optical communication system design.
- sine-Gordon equation