Reappearance of hepatitis B surface antigen in immunocompromised individuals: Reinfection or reactivation?

Keisuke Hino*, Ashraf A. Basuni, Jacqueline Ireland, Antony Newell, Jeffrey Mphahlele, Erasmus J. Smit, Siew Lin Ngui, Chong Gee Teo, William F. Carman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-418
Number of pages4
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Hapatitis B virus
  • Nonsynonymous mutation
  • Phylogenetic analysis
  • Polymerase chain reaction

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