Self-reported alcohol intake is a better estimate of 5-year change in blood pressure than biochemical markers in low resource settings: The PURE study: The PURE study

Mandlenkosi Caswell Zatu, Johannes M. Van Rooyen, Du Toit Loots, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Minrie Greeff, Aletta E. Schutte*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND:: Despite criticism of self-reported alcohol intake, it is a valuable tool to screen for alcohol abuse as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We aimed to compare various self-reported estimates of alcohol use with γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and percentage carbohydrate deficient transferrin (%CDT) considering their relationship with blood pressure changes (%BP) over a 5-year period in black South Africans. METHOD:: We recruited 1994 participants and collected 5-year followed up data (N=1246). Participants completed questionnaires on alcohol intake indicating their former and current alcohol use ('yes' response and 'no' if alcohol was never used). We assessed alcohol intake (in g) using a quantified food frequency questionnaire. We collected blood samples and measured GGT and %CDT. Brachial BP (bBP) was measured at baseline and follow-up and central BP (cBP) at follow-up only. RESULTS:: Self-reported alcohol intake was significantly associated with the 5-year change in bBP before and after adjusting for confounders (%bSBP: R=0.263, β=0.06, P=0.023; %bDBP: R=0.326, β=0.08 P=0.005), as well as cSBP (R=0.286, β=0.09, P=0.010) and central pulse pressure (R=0.254, β=0.06, P=0.020). GGT and %CDT correlated well with self-reported alcohol intake (r=0.44; P=0.001; r=0.34 P=0.001), but did not associate significantly with %bBP or cBP at follow-up. CONCLUSION:: Self-reported alcohol use was strongly associated with a 5-year increase in BP in Africans with a low socio-economic status. This was not found for biochemical measures, GGT and %CDT. Self-reported alcohol intake could be an important measure to implement in primary healthcare settings in middle to low income countries, where honest reporting is expected. Copyright © Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-755
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Hypertension
  • Low socio-economic status
  • Percentage carbohydrate deficient transferrin
  • Selfreported alcohol intake
  • γ-glutamyltransferase

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