The G9 rotaviruses are amongst the most common global rotavirus strains causing severe childhood diarrhoea. However, the whole genomes of only a few G9 rotaviruses have been fully sequenced and characterised of which only one G9P and one G9P are from Africa. We determined the consensus sequence of the whole genomes of five African human group A G9 rotavirus strains, four G9P strains and one G9P strain collected in Cameroon (central Africa), Kenya (eastern Africa), South Africa and Zimbabwe (southern Africa) in 1999, 2009 and 2010. Strain RVA/Human-wt/ZWE/MRC-DPRU1723/2009/G9P from Zimbabwe, RVA/Human-wt/ZAF/MRC-DPRU4677/2010/G9P from South Africa, RVA/Human-wt/CMR/1424/2009/G9P from Cameroon and RVA/Human-wt/KEN/MRC-DPRU2427/2010/G9P from Kenya were on a Wa-like genetic backbone and were genotyped as G9-P-I1-R1-C1-M1-A1-N1-T1-E1-H1. Strain RVA/Human-wt/ZAF/MRC-DPRU9317/1999/G9P from South Africa was genotyped as G9-P-I2-R2-C2-M2-A2-N1-T2-E2-H2. Rotavirus A strain MRC-DPRU9317 is the second G9 strain to be reported on a DS-1-like genetic backbone, the other being RVA/Human-wt/ZAF/GR10924/1999/G9P. MRC-DPRU9317 was found to be a reassortant between DS-1-like (I2, R2, C2, M2, A2, T2, E2 and H2) and Wa-like (N1) genome segments. All the genome segments of the five strains grouped strictly according to their genotype Wa- or DS-1-like clusters. Within their respective genotypes, the genome segments of the three G9 study strains from southern Africa clustered most closely with rotaviruses from the same geographical origin and with those with the same G and P types. The highest nucleotide identity of genome segments of the study strains from eastern and central Africa regions on a Wa-like backbone was not limited to rotaviruses with G9P genotypes only, they were also closely related to G12P, G8P, G1P and G11P rotaviruses, indicating a close inter-genotype relationship between the G9 and other rotavirus genotypes. Rotavirus strain MRC-DPRU9317 is the first G9P to be characterised on a DS-1-like genetic backbone with a reassortant segment 8 (NSP2) and fourth G9P to be fully sequenced globally.
- 454® Pyrosequencing
- Rotavirus G9P and G9P strains
- Sequence analysis
- Whole genome