Structure, morphology and optical properties of undoped and MN-doped ZnO(1-x)Sx nano-powders prepared by precipitation method

F. B. Dejene*, M. O. Onani, L. F. Koao, A. H. Wako, S. V. Motloung, M. T. Yihunie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The undoped and Mn-doped ZnO(1-x)Sx nano-powders were successfully synthesized by precipitation method without using any capping agent. Its structure, morphology, elemental analysis, optical and luminescence properties were determined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), UV-vis spectroscopy (UV) and photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL). A typical SEM image of the un-doped ZnO(1-x)Sx nanoparticles exhibit flake like structures that changes to nearly spherical particles with Mn-doping. The XRD of undoped and Mn doped ZnO(1-x)Sx pattern reveals the formation of a product indexed to the hexagonal wurtzite phase of ZnS. The nanopowders have crystallite sizes estimated from XRD measurements were in the range of 10-20 nm. All the samples showed absorption maximum of ZnO(1-x)Sx at 271 nm and high transmittance in UV and visible region, respectively. The undoped ZnO(1-x)Sx nanoparticles show strong room-temperature photoluminescence with four emission bands centering at 338 nm, 384 nm, 448 nm and 705 nm that may originate to the impurity of ZnO(1-x)Sx, existence of oxide related defects. The calculated bandgap of the nanocrystalline ZnO(1-x)Sx showed a blue-shift with respect to the Mn-doping. The PL spectra of the Mn-doped samples exhibit a strong orange emission at around 594 nm attributed to the 4T1-6A1 transition of the Mn2+ ions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-67
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica B: Condensed Matter
Volume480
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Doping
  • Nanomaterials
  • Photoluminescence
  • Precipitation
  • Zinc oxide

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