Study of the structural, morphological and optical properties of ZnSe doped with Yb3+

L. A. Miya*, S. V. Motloung, T. E. Motaung, H. C. Swart, D. D. Hile, L. F. Koao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


A wurtzite phase of Zn1−xYbxSe (0 ≤ x ≤ 1.8) nanoparticles was synthesized through photo assisted chemical bath deposition. Glancing angle X-ray diffraction disclosed a hexagonal wurtzite crystal structure. The crystallite size (D) of undoped ZnSe was estimated 24.40 nm and then gradually decreased to 4.66 nm, after Yb3+ doping. Scanning electron microscopy images revealed that with an increase in the Yb3+ concentration, the thin film morphology transformed from Nano-flakes to spherical particles. The expected elements were confirmed by elemental energy X-ray dispersive analysis. Raman spectroscopy revealed the existence of two distinct optical phonon peaks induced by first- and second-order longitudinal vibration peak located at 257 and 500 cm−1, respectively. UV–visible spectroscopy elucidated that the absorption spectra showed that the band gap energy for undoped ZnSe thin films can be tuned in the range of 2.76–3.12 by varying Yb3+ concentration. Photoluminescence analysis revealed two emission and shoulder peaks located at 3.19 eV, 2.37 eV and 1.70 eV, which were ascribed to the band-to-band and imperfections of ZnSe, respectively. Chromaticity investigations revealed that the blue emission color was dependent on the concentration of Yb3+. The results suggest that Zn1−xYbxSe (0 ≤ x ≤ 1.8) is a promising candidate for blue-light emitting phosphor. Data access: The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104677
JournalMaterials Today Communications
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Luminescence
  • Nano-flakes, Yb
  • Photo assisted chemical bath deposition
  • Thin film
  • ZnSe


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