Synthesis, Electron Spin Resonance and Photoluminescence properties of Sm3+ ion doped Zn-Mn nanoferrites synthesized by glycol-thermal method

T. A. Nhlapo*, T. P. Mokoena, J. Z. Msomi, T. Moyo, T. S. Mahule, M. Nyathi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nanocrystalline Zn0.5Mn0.5SmxFe2-xO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.05) with average crystallite sizes varying between 12 and 17 nm were synthesized by the glycol-thermal process. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed a single-phase cubic spinel structure in all the compounds. Substituting a smaller Fe3+ ion with a larger rare-earth (RE) Sm3+ ion has affected the distribution of metal ions on tetrahedral (A) and octahedral (B) sites. In this work, a comprehensive study has been carried out on nanocrystalline particles of RE Sm3+ ion doped into Zn-Mn ferrite to estimate intrinsic strain through Williamson-Hall (W–H) analysis. The results were compared with those obtained from the Debye Scherrer equation. Tensile microstrain within the nanocrystals were detected from W-H plots for x = 0, 0.01,0.02 and 0,05 samples, while compressive microstrain was observed for x = 0.02 and 0.05 samples. A scanning electron microscope (SEM) has been used to study the morphology of nanoparticles and it revealed spherical-shaped nanoparticles. Energy dispersive X-rays (EDX) confirmed the phase purity and the elemental composition with no impurity elements were observed. Crystallite sizes affect electron spin resonance (ESR) signal intensity and the line width. The g-values fluctuated ranging from 2.31 to 2.51 due to fluctuating crystallite sizes. Photoluminescence (PL) displayed a blue-violet emission with maxima centred at 418 nm and 438 nm under the excitation wavelength of 320 nm. The electron spin resonance and photoluminescence results show that the Sm doped Zn-Mn ferrites are promising candidates for applications in blue LEDs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number133703
JournalJournal of Molecular Structure
Volume1268
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Electron spin resonance
  • Photoluminescence
  • Rare earth
  • Spinel ferrites

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