TY - JOUR

T1 - Tangent hyperbolic nanofluid flow through a vertical cone

T2 - Unraveling thermal conductivity and Darcy-Forchheimer effects

AU - Khan, Ambreen Afsar

AU - Zafar, Saliha

AU - Khan, Aziz

AU - Abdeljawad, Thabet

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© World Scientific Publishing Company.

PY - 2024

Y1 - 2024

N2 - Purpose: This paper demonstrates the way tangent hyperbolic nanofluid flow through a vertical cone is influenced by varying viscosity and varying thermal conductivity. This study also seeks to illustrate the impact of convective boundary conditions on a fluid. The mathematical modeling also takes the Darcy–Forchheimer e®ect into account. Methodology: Using the appropriate similarity transformation, the fluid problem is reduced into a set of nonlinear ordinary di®erential equations. These systems of di®erential equations are evaluated numerically by applying the Optimal Homotopy Asymptotic Method. Findings: The nature of emergent parameters is examined in relation to the temperature distribution, nanoparticle concentration profile, and velocity profile. An increase in variable viscosity corresponds to a decrease in fluid velocity, while enhanced thermal conductivity results in elevated fluid temperature. The skin friction coefficient, Sherwood, and Nusselt numbers are numerically examined for active concerned parameters. These findings can be put into practice in a variety of fields such as polymer cooling systems and medication. Originality: Existing literature has yet to explore the combination of tangent hyperbolic nanofluids with varying viscosity and thermal conductivity under convective boundary conditions.

AB - Purpose: This paper demonstrates the way tangent hyperbolic nanofluid flow through a vertical cone is influenced by varying viscosity and varying thermal conductivity. This study also seeks to illustrate the impact of convective boundary conditions on a fluid. The mathematical modeling also takes the Darcy–Forchheimer e®ect into account. Methodology: Using the appropriate similarity transformation, the fluid problem is reduced into a set of nonlinear ordinary di®erential equations. These systems of di®erential equations are evaluated numerically by applying the Optimal Homotopy Asymptotic Method. Findings: The nature of emergent parameters is examined in relation to the temperature distribution, nanoparticle concentration profile, and velocity profile. An increase in variable viscosity corresponds to a decrease in fluid velocity, while enhanced thermal conductivity results in elevated fluid temperature. The skin friction coefficient, Sherwood, and Nusselt numbers are numerically examined for active concerned parameters. These findings can be put into practice in a variety of fields such as polymer cooling systems and medication. Originality: Existing literature has yet to explore the combination of tangent hyperbolic nanofluids with varying viscosity and thermal conductivity under convective boundary conditions.

KW - Darcy–Forchheimer flow

KW - Tangent hyperbolic nanofluid

KW - variable thermal conductivity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85192887306&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1142/S0217984924503986

DO - 10.1142/S0217984924503986

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85192887306

SN - 0217-9849

JO - Modern Physics Letters B

JF - Modern Physics Letters B

M1 - 2450398

ER -