The Effect of Isoniazid–Maltitol Solid Dispersions on Aqueous Solubility and Permeability

Madan Sai Poka*, Marnus Milne, Anita Wessels, Marique Aucamp*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Maltitol (MAL) is a well-known polyol with potential pharmaceutical applications. Unlike other polyols, its utilization as a carrier for solid dispersions (SDs) has not been adequately investigated. This research studied the feasibility of MAL as an SD carrier to enhance the biopharmaceutical properties of a BCS class I/III drug, isoniazid (INH). SDs of INH–MAL were prepared by the fusion method, and physicochemical characteristics were investigated to determine the solid-state habit, solubility and permeation enhancement of INH. Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy demonstrated significant peak broadening for the SDs consisting of a higher MAL concentration. Powder X-ray diffraction indicated a decrease in degree of crystallinity with increasing MAL concentration. Hot-stage microscopy (HSM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed that INH–MAL molar ratios affect the type of SD prepared via the fusion method. Results from the equilibrium solubility studies indicated significant INH solubility improvement (p < 0.05) with SDs in comparison with the pure drug and physical mixtures. The artificial membrane permeation assay (PAMPA) of INH was positively affected by the presence of MAL. The results of the study indicated the potential for MAL as a carrier in the preparation of SDs for the solubility and/or permeability enhancement of drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1568
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023


  • aqueous solubility
  • drug permeation
  • fusion method
  • isoniazid
  • maltitol
  • solid dispersions


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