Trauma laparoscopy: A prospect of skills training (cohort study)

O. Y. Matsevych*, M. Z. Modise, C. Aldous

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Diagnostic laparoscopy is well-accepted in management of penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT) with the rate of missed injuries below 1%. However, there is a reluctance to accept therapeutic laparoscopy in trauma society. The possible reason is a lack of laparoscopic skills by trauma surgeons. Moreover, no formal laparoscopy training program for trauma exists. The aim of this study was to interrogated our laparoscopy training particularly in trauma setting, and to investigate a possible relation between the seniority of surgeons performing the procedures and the complication rates. Methods: All patients managed laparoscopically for PAT from January 2012 to December 2015 were analyzed. The seniority of operating surgeon was correlated with adverse outcomes, and with conversion. Surgeon-consultant (SC), assistant-consultant (AC), surgeon-senior-resident (SSR) and surgeon-junior-resident (SJC) groups were identified. Laparoscopic maneuvers used in this cohort were investigated and the set of essential laparoscopic skills was identified. The laparoscopic training program at our institution was described and discussed. Results: Out of 283 patients with PAT approached with laparoscopy 33 (11.7%) were converted to laparotomy. Majority (49.6%) of laparoscopy was performed by senior resident. Consultant was an operating surgeon in 21.2% and an assistant in 8% of cases. Consultant was involved in cases with higher severity of injury and the complication rate was higher in the SC and AC groups. Essential laparoscopic skills were camera navigation, mobilization of intraabdominal organs, bowel run and intracorporeal suturing. During training, a senior resident was involved in 19% of operations for trauma. Trauma constituted 16% of all laparoscopy. Conclusion: Laparoscopy for trauma can be safely performed by residents under appropriate supervision. Laparoscopic skills should preferably be obtained during elective non-trauma procedures and transferred to trauma setting. Multimodal goal-directed, proctored training with regular assessments and feedback is effective and skills are transferable to trauma setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-123
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery
Volume55
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018

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