Urinary tract infections in children

Elzbieta Osuch, Andre Marais*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in childhood and represent approximately 10% of hospital-acquired infections. It is clinically challenging to distinguish cystitis (lower UTI) from pyelonephritis (upper UTI) in those younger than two years. Most UTI patients can however be safely managed as outpatients if diligent follow-up procedures are in place. Recurrent UTIs in children may indicate malfunction or an anatomical defect of the urinary tract, and require specialised diagnostic studies. The proper approach for a child with UTI remains controversial, and treatment often differs according to regional or institutional empirical guidelines.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbera4782
Pages (from-to)35-40
Number of pages6
JournalSouth African Family Practice
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Antibiotics
  • Children
  • Cystitis
  • Pyelonephritis
  • Urinary tract infection


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