Using Vhavenda Traditional Entertainment to Curb HIV Spread in the Rural South African District

Avhatakali Allga Ndou-Mammbona*, Idah Moyo, Livhuwani Tshivhase, Azwihangwisi Helen Mavhandu-Mudzusi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose. This study explored the use of traditional entertainment as a means of curbing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) spread in the Vhembe district of South Africa. Engaging in cultural dances like tshikona, tshifasi, tshigombela, malende, davha, and musangwe keeps the youth grounded, making it less likely that they will engage in unprotected sexual intercourse. Methods. This qualitative study utilized an ethnographic design. The study was conducted in rural villages in Vhembe district, Limpopo province in South Africa. Eighteen participants consisted of Vhavenda traditional leaders and chiefs who met the selection criteria were purposively selected to participate in the study. The sample size was determined by data saturation. Semistructured face-to-face interviews were used to collect data, guided by an interview guide. Four observations were done concurrently with the interviews. Interviews were audio-recorded, and field notes were taken. Ethnographic content analysis was used to analyze the data collected. Results. The results indicate that Vhavenda traditional entertainments like tshigombela and tshikona can be used in reducing and managing the spread of HIV, whereas malende, tshifasi, davha, and musangwe have the potential to spread and increase incidences of HIV. Conclusion. The traditional entertainment such as tshigombela and tshikona can be utilized as they instill good morals. Malende, tshifasi, davha, and musangwe can be repatterned and modified. Traditional entertainments, if properly utilized, can add to the strategies of reducing the new incidences of HIV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4868639
JournalAdvances in Public Health
Publication statusPublished - 2023


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