Study and comparing the anti-glycation and cross-link breaking effects of Moringa oleifera leaf, seed and root extracts with aminoguanidine, a known inhibitor of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs). Their phytochemical composition and extraction yields were also assessed. All seed and root extracts demonstrated significantly higher anti-glycation effect than aminoguanidine against total immunogenic AGEs (p < 0.05). Both seed and root polar (methanol and water) extracts exhibited significantly higher anti-glycation effect against N′-(carboxymethyl)lysine than aminoguanidine (p < 0.05). Polar extracts of all M. oleifera tested parts demonstrated higher anti-glycation activity against fluorescent AGEs than aminoguanidine (p < 0.05). With exception to the aqueous root extracts, all leaf, seed and root extracts of M. oleifera demonstrated an ability to break AGE-protein cross-links. The highest cross-link breaking effect was exhibited by ethyl acetate extract of leaves.The methanol extract of seeds of M. oleifera showed the presence of all tested secondary metabolites.
- Crude extracts
- Moringa oleifera